【トランプ】ソリティアのルールは?遊び方を初心者にもわかりやすく解説

ソリティアのルール解説 アイキャッチ画像

Many people may know that solitaire is a card game, but many may not know the specific rules or how to play it.

The ultimate goal of Solitaire is to move all the playing cards from the "tableau pile", which starts in random order, to a place called the "foundation". On the foundation pile, cards from A to K must be placed in order.

If you can complete the four foundations according to the rules, you will clear the game.

In this article, Project575 will thoroughly explain the more specific rules of solitaire ! If you don't know how to play, please refer to it.

How to play solitaire (common rules)

From here, I will explain how to play so-called standard solitaire.

playing cards rank

The ranks of solitaire cards, from lowest to highest, are: A (low), 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, J, Q, K (high). When stacking the foundation piles, you must always follow this order.

Solitaire game setup

First, let's start with the placement of the playing cards before the game starts.

If you don't know how to play or the rules, start here.

In a typical solitaire game, seven piles of playing cards are placed on the "tableau pile" as shown below.

  • The first playing card on the far left is placed face up, and the other six cards are placed face down.
  • Next, the second card from the second pile from the left is dealt face up, and the next five are dealt face down.
  • In the third round, one card is placed face up in the third tableau pile from the left, and one card is placed face down in the four places on the right.
  • Continue like this until the top playing card in the rightmost pile is turned face up. Naturally, the number of playing cards decreases from the rightmost pile to the left.
  • The remaining 24 playing cards are stacked in a place called the "deck."
  • There are four spaces above the tableau cards, which are called ``foundations''. The goal of solitaire is to move all cards from the tableau and deck to this foundation.

Rules for the discard pile (talon)

If a card drawn from the deck cannot be used in either the tableau pile or the foundation pile, it is placed in the talon. This discard pile is discarded face up to Talon.

Rules for moving cards in solitaire

Solitaire is a skill game played according to set rules. This may be the most important point in how to play.

These rules must also be followed when moving cards between decks of playing cards.

  • A face-up card can move a pile of seven tableau piles. However, it can only be placed under cards of a different color and one value higher. For example, the 5 of Clubs can be placed below the 6 of Hearts (in other words, the 5 of Clubs can be placed on top of the 6 of Hearts).
  • When moving cards from tableau piles to foundation piles, the object of the game is to arrange cards of the same suit in ascending order.
  • You can draw one card from the deck in each turn. However, depending on the rules, you may be able to draw three cards at the same time.
  • Cards drawn from the deck can be stacked on tableau piles or foundation piles. However, you must still follow the rules above.
  • If a deck card cannot be used as either a tableau pile or a foundation, the next deck card is turned face up.
  • If all the cards in the seven piles of the tableau pile are turned face up, they are shuffled face down again.

Other solitaire rules

  • If a card cannot be moved anywhere from the tableau pile, you will lose.
  • The top playing card on the foundation pile can be returned to the tableau pile if there is space for it.
  • If you run out of cards in any of the seven tableau piles, you can only place them on K. After that, you can place cards according to the tableau pile rules.

Can K be moved to the empty space?

In solitaire, only K can be moved to an empty space on the tableau pile. After that, you can stack lower rank cards of different colors. In other words, the K of hearts can be followed by the Q of spades or clubs, then the J of hearts or diamonds, and so on.

Can playing cards be returned from the foundation pile to the tableau pile?

can. However, in this case, you are limited to only the top card of the foundation.

Is it possible to move multiple cards at the same time?

Although it is limited to moving from one tableau pile to another tableau pile, it is possible to move multiple cards at the same time. However, the cards must be moved in the same order. That is, you cannot change the order.

Can I move part of the pile of cards?

As mentioned above, you can move multiple cards at once, but it is not necessary to move all consecutive cards that are turned face up. For example, out of a pile that extends from K to 9, it is possible to move only J to 9 to another tableau pile.

Does the color of the playing cards matter in solitaire?

yes. There are many people who don't understand, so I'll repeat it again. According to the rules of solitaire, when stacking cards on the tableau pile, it is limited to cards of different colors and one value lower. For example, if you have an 8 of clubs (black), you can only move it to a place where there is a red 9, that is, a heart or a diamond.

What does each solitaire card mean?

Again, for those who still don't understand,

  • Tableau Cards - The main area of ​​the game, each of the seven piles begins with only the top card face up.
  • Foundation Cards - Now make four piles. Each pile has a unified suit, and the cards are arranged in order from A to K.
  • Stock pile - The 24 cards left over from forming the tableau pile remain face down waiting for their turn.
  • Discard pile - Also called talons, cards that have no place on the tableau or foundations are placed here.

How many cards are placed at the beginning in solitaire?

There are 28 cards placed on the tableau pile at the beginning of the game. The remaining 24 cards are stacked in the deck.

How many times can a deck of playing cards be used?

There is no limit to the number of times you can use a deck of playing cards in Solitaire. You can shuffle and rearrange as many times as necessary.

What happens to the solitaire discard pile?

A face-up discarded pile can be moved to a tableau pile or foundation pile if the rules allow it.

What is a “run” in solitaire?

In solitaire, a continuous row of cards with alternating suit colors and decreasing values ​​by one is sometimes called a "run". For example, a set of cards with a red 7, a black 6, a red 5, and a black 4 is a run.

What is the goal of solitaire?

A solitaire victory is achieved by creating four complete piles of foundations. Each foundation pile must contain cards of the same suit in order from A to K.